The sauna heater and steam generator fill the cabin with thick fog and ensure high temperatures. In principle, it works exactly like a kettle. In a stainless steel tank, heating elements bring the water to a boil, so the device generates a lot of steam, which brings both the humidity and the temperature in the cabin to the desired values. The inlet point is usually in the lower area of the sauna cabin and should be constructed so that you can’t come into direct contact with the hot steam. This can be achieved by mounting the nozzle under a protrusion or behind a protective cover. How does the water get into the generator? Simple devices are filled by hand. Machines with water connections are more convenient and usually in the medium to high price segment. A solenoid valve regulates the supply, and should the water supply fail, and a safety circuit ensures that the device switches off.
Power Connection of Steam Generator
Four hundred volts are generally required for the power connection. Only small generators, such as those in steam baths, work with a 230-volt link. Electronic control ensures the desired climatic conditions – thick fog clouds due to 100 percent humidity and temperatures between 100 and 110 F. It also regulates the lighting and scenting, if available. This requires a dosing pump or several different fragrances to be available. The concentrates are injected into the steam as close as possible to the outlet nozzle so that no residues can get into the water tank, which could lead to foam formation. Due to its lower temperature, the air humidity condenses into countless fine droplets. The various functions can be controlled using the control panel. You do that via buttons or, in the case of high-quality panels, via a touch-sensitive surface. In the case of steam-proof models, the control panel is installed either outside or inside the cabin. Or there is even one for inside and outside. Another option is to use remote control.
There are different types of accommodation: In the case of steam baths, which, due to their smaller size, do not require as much evaporator power, the compact steam generators are usually hidden in the cabin. This can be under a bench, in a column, or behind a panel mounted on the wall. The more oversized, individually built steam baths need more power, especially when tiled surfaces have to be heated. The devices are housed in a niche next to or behind the cabin. You can also place it above the ceiling, provided the room is high enough. It is essential to have good accessibility so that any necessary maintenance, repairs, and replenishment of consumables, such as decalcifying agents and fragrances, can be carried out without any problems. After a sauna session, you need to switch off the sauna steam generator, and a rinse cycle is usually carried out at the end to remove loose limescale deposits. You will need a sewage connection for this.